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Laser cutting is a technology that uses a specialized fine laser to vaporize materials, resulting in a cut edge. While once typically used for industrial manufacturing applications, is now used by stationers for stunningly intricate stationery as well!
Letterpress is a traditional technique of relief printing. Using a large printing press,
a custom created steel die is used to make
a direct impression of an inked, raised surface into various thick stocks.
Thermography is a specialized process that combines offset printing ink with a powdered resin which is baked so that the resin rises to give the ink a raised, textured effect. Heat is then applied which melts the resin to form a raised text or image. There are several types of powder used in thermography, both matte and metallic colors.
DIGITAL LASER FOIL
Digital laser foiling looks virtually identical to traditional foil stamping, but rather than manufacturing a “stamping die” and heat pressing foil into the card, the area to be foiled is digitally printed and a different foil is used which adheres to the printed image.
It is often less time consuming and more economical but does have limitations as it can only be done on the smoothest of stocks.
Die cutting is the general process of using a custom steel die to shear webs of low-strength materials, such as card stock, paper, cloth or fibers and some other low resistance materials. These dies are best for cutting simplistic shapes, unlike laser cutting.
Digital printing is a method of printing from a graphic design software directly to a variety of media, such as card stock and paper. It usually refers to professional printing where small-run jobs (under 5,000) are printed using large-format and high-end laser printers. Digital printing uses non-opaque CMYK toners to achieve beautiful color prints.